Gorgeous Video Of A Rarely Seen Razorfish, Iniistius verrens

Joe RowlettBy Joe Rowlett 3 months ago
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砂に潜る魚〜バラヒラベラ〜 The fish dives into the sand! ‶Iniistius verrens”

砂に潜る魚、バラヒラベラです。 生息地が非常に限られている上、とても警戒心が高く近づかせてくれません。 やっと近づいても砂にもぐり、そのまま去ってしまいます。 今回は砂から出てくるところが撮影できました。これは世界初ではないでしょうか? バラヒラベラに興味のある方にオススメのダイビングスポットは「神奈川県の早川」です。 小田原厚木道路を降りてすぐ、アクセスも良くて快適にダイビングができます。 “日本水中映像ライブラリー”選りすぐりの映像をご覧ください!映像使用に関するお問い合わせは、日本水中映像( http://www.juf.co.jp )へご連絡ください。 是钻入沙的鱼,红新娘。 生活地非常被隔限上,非常警戒心不很强地挨近。 终于接近钻入沙,就那样也离开。 此次由沙出来的地方摄影完成了。这个会不是全球首次吗? 在红新娘有兴趣推荐的潜水地点是「神奈川县的早川」。 请看”日本水中映像图书馆”精选商品的映像!有关映像使用的咨询,请联络到日本水中映像。(http∶//www.juf.co.jp) Scientific name :Iniistius verrens English name :- Japanese name:バラヒラベラ Chinese name :红新娘

Razorfishes are a diverse and highly specialized group of tropical wrasses that aquarists seldom get to see in captivity. They occur almost exclusively in sandy habitat, often far-removed from coral reefs, which naturally makes them quite challenging  to collect. And compounding this difficulty is the group’s remarkable adaptation for surviving in such an open ecosystem— these fishes have the ability to disappear in an instant beneath the sand, and, even while buried, they can continue to swim away In the grand picture of labrid evolution, the fishes in this group can be lumped into a single lineage, the tribe Novaculini, whose members share a few notable features: an interrupted lateral line, a smooth preopercle, a single pair of large canines on the tip of the upper and lower jaws, and a notably flattened body. This last trait is relevant to their sand-diving behavior, and, in the most specialized members (e.g. Iniistius), the profile of the head is especially steep and nearly keeled, allowing the razorfish to slice into the substrate Iniistius is the largest genus, with at least 22 valid species known (and potentially more awaiting recognition). They occur throughout the Indo-Pacific and can often be quite common in their preferred habitat. Similar to fairy wrasses, these are haremic, with dominant females eventually turning into the more colorful males, which must then defend their territories from competition. Females are naturally more numerous, and, depending on the species, these occur either singly or in small groups. 

Iniistius verrens, male, Japan, 10m. Credit: Izuzuki

 
An example of the latter lifestyle can be seen in the video above.
Iniistius verrens is an obscure razorfish which, though it was described more than a century ago, still doesn’t have a common name. The scientific nomenclature here comes from the Latin verrens, meaning “trailing, scraping, sweeping”, in apparent reference to the unusual length of the pelvic fins, which can extend posteriorly as far as the anal fin. The combination of this dramatic finnage and some truly handsome colors certainly does make for an eye-catching razorfish. Males are a bit different in appearance, though this sexual dichromatism is not nearly as dramatic here as it is in some of the other novaculins. These males lose a bit of the blue on the operculum and gain a lavender spot above the pectoral fin which becomes accented in a deep red. Similar male markings can be found in many of its congeners, like the “fingerprints” seen in I. pentadactylus. To date, I. verrens is known only from Japan and Taiwan, though it might sneak into the northernmost portions of the Philippines, where it’s possible that aquarium specimens may one day appear from.

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Joe Rowlett
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 Joe Rowlett

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Joe is classically trained in the zoological arts and sciences, with a particular focus on the esoterica of invertebrate taxonomy and evolution. He’s written for several aquarium publications and for many years lorded over the marinelife at Chicago’s venerable Old Town Aquarium. He currently studies prairie insect ecology at the Field Museum of Natural History and fish phylogenetics at the University of Chicago.

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