Pethia sahit is a new barb species from the Krishna River system in the Western Ghats mountain ranges of India. These barbs are brilliant metallic gold in coloration with large and very well-defined scales. This is a shoaling species; Just imagine a big school of these gems!
Genetic analysis indicate that P. sahit is a unique species within the genus and has no close congenors. It shares its habitat with another Pethia species, P. longicauda, but they are genetically too dissimilar to be considered sister taxa.
The new barb is described in ZooTaxa.