New Red Sea dwarf goby described, and it's green!


Eviota oculopiperita. Photos by S.V. Bogorodsky

Eviota oculopiperita may not be the most gaudy goby (take a look at Trimma helenae, which was officially described earlier this year).  But the new goby recently described in the Journal of Ocean Science Foundation is quite special in its own right.  This tiny goby is a rare greenish pigmentation with scales outlined in brown, creating a crosshatch appearance.  The main body is translucent; you can actually see the fish’s organs and white spine that runs the length of the fish, which measures less than half an inch (11.9mm).

The journal also described another new Red Sea dwarf goby, Eviota geminata, below.  With the discovery of these two gobies, the total number of Eviota species known from the Red Sea is now eight.

geminata.jpg

If it seems like scientists are discovering a lot of new dwarf gobies in recent years, it’s because they are.  These new species are mostly found in shallow tropical seas, but because they are so tiny and often cryptic, a lot of dwarf gobies have yet to be discovered and described.

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