Steinhart’s Twilight Zone: Sacura speciosa

by | Sep 29, 2016 | Fish, Science | 0 comments


The gorgeous Sacura speciosa, collected by Brian D. Greene and up on display at the California Academy of Sciences. Photo credit: Lemon TYK.

The mysteries of the twilight zone has never failed to captivate and enthral its target audience , be it hobbyists, reef enthusiasts, or scientists alike. And for good reason. Situated between two extremes, exploration of the mesophotic zone is plagued with logistical difficulties. On one hand, it’s not deep enough to deploy the same high-tech equipment reserved for the abyssal zone. On the other, it’s too deep for conventional SCUBA diving. These days, new discoveries are gently teased out of the mesophotic band by few intrepid scientists and explorers, mainly via the use of closed circuit rebreather diving. It’s unsurprising, to say the least, that this realm remains closely guarded with respects to its secrets. For mere mortals like us, the closest we’ve gotten to experiencing the twilight zone is by living vicariously through the numerous videos shared on the internet by these deepwater divers. Until now.



Not too long ago, the Steinhart Aquarium at the California Academy of Sciences unveiled a new exhibit. Yes, finally, after much anticipation, a twilight zone exhibit is no longer a figment of imagination. Sure, there have been some displays around the world that feature deepwater fish species, but there hasn’t been one to specifically replicate this incredible biome and the organisms that come with it. A few months ago, during a semester break (yes, I am a student again), I took a short trip to San Francisco for a week. The urge to revisit SFO has always lingered, like a rash that won’t go away. Not because of the amazing clam chowder, but mostly because SFO’s just a generally pleasant city. With the new twilight zone exhibit open to public, there’s little reason not to scratch this itch,



Another view of this gorgeous fish. Photo credit: Lemon TYK.

In the next series of posts, I’ll be sharing some pictures that i’ve had the opportunity to take during my short stay there. We’ll start of with the biggest superstar of the lot – Sacura speciosa. The genus Sacura is represented by four species – margaritacea, parva, speciosa and boulengeri. All very deepwater, except S. margaritacea which is mostly subtropical. The other three are mostly only seen from trawl or deep water line fishing. S. speciosa is also the most spectacularly colored of the lot, and is also the rarest. It’s latin name speciosa means beautiful. While S. boulengeri and S. parva are occasionally caught in fishing trawls (where they end up in local fish markets for consumption), S. speciosa is rarely seen by humans. It has, shockingly, been offered a to the aquarium trade a handful of times on scathingly rare occasions. These outlier individuals were mostly caught on long-line fishing, and usually succumb to decompression related maladies either almost immediately post collection, or in the days to come. This specimen at the academy is one of a pair collected in the Philippines, and the only one on display anywhere in the world now.

Tourists at the academy refer to this fish as the rainbow fish – and for good reason. Numerous other species share their new twilight zone exhibit with this Sacura, and while not all of them are so nonsensically colored, all of them are special and beautiful in their own way. I’ll be sharing some photos of them in the coming posts, so keep your fins peeled.

  • Lemon T.Y.K

    Lemon is a reef fish fanatic with an academic diploma in biotechnology. Like many, he started toying around with the fresh water hobby but quickly grew into a proficient hobbyist in the marine scene. His passion for the natural world sees him travelling to far flung, exotic places, where his secondary love for photography comes in handy. At 23, Lemon is one of the youngest and most prolific fish writers, and is well known for his obsession with the wrasse genus Cirrhilabrus.


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